Tag Archives: Policy

FG to Ban Uses of Motorcycle in North-Western States

Massive security operations have begun to rein in criminals who seem to have seized villages, towns and cities by the throat, the Federal Government said yesterday.

Details of the “strategic” operations were not disclosed by the police, but they are being carried out by “the entire law enforcement and intelligence community”.

Among the measures are:

Ban on the use of motorcycles in the Northwest states of Kano, Zamfara, Kaduna, Kebbi and Katsina where bandits have done much havoc;

Relocation of Katsina State Police Commissioner Sanusi Buba to Daura in a bid to rescue the abducted District Head, Alhaji Musa Umar;

Organisational restructuring in the police;
drafting of some officers who converted to general police back to special forces; and
investing more in intelligence gathering.
Alhaji Umar was abducted last week at his home in Daura, hometown of President Muhammadu Buhari. His abductors are yet to contact his family.

The police said the CP’s relocation would aid the coordination and investigation of security operations.

The measures came amid a wake-up call by the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN) on President Buhari to stop the criminals.

In a statement in Abuja yesterday by the Force spokesman, Frank Mba, a Deputy Commissioner of Police (DPC), the police said efforts were being made to subdue criminal gangs across the country.

DCP Mba said: “Currently, there are massive strategic security operations, both covert and overt missions, taking place at different parts of the country, including Katsina, aimed at subduing the criminal gangs and restoring sanity to the land.

“However, because of the covert and sensitive nature of these operations, I will not discuss them for now but Nigerians should be assured that the entire law enforcement and intelligence community in Nigeria will not rest until we win the battle against crimes and criminality in Nigeria.”

The development came as the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Petroleum Resources, Kabiru Garba Marafa, claimed yesterday alerted that more than 44,000 orphans roam the streets of Zamfara State due to eight years of armed banditry.

Marafa, who represents Zamfara Central, also claimed that sustained banditry has led to the killing of over 11,000 male adults leaving behind an estimated average of 22,000 widows at two wives per an adult.
His claims could not be verified.

The senator lamented that in terms of casualty ratio and displacements, Zamfara ranks ahead of many states in the Northeast and Northcentral that are being given prominence by the mainstream media and the Federal Government in terms of recognition and assistance.

Marafa noted in a statement to thank his colleagues at the National Assembly for the provision of N10 billion in this year’s budget to address the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Zamfara State, occasioned by the nefarious activities of bandits.

He said: “The unfortunate and dark eight years of banditry (2011 to date) in Zamfara had conservatively led to the killing of over 11,000 male adults, leaving behind an estimated average of 22,000 widows (at two wives/person) and an estimated 44,000 orphans (at an average of four children/deceased).”

Following a motion he sponsored, the National Assembly, while passing the 2019 budget, voted N10 billion for the creation of an intervention fund (to be called (Presidential Initiative on Zamfara State PIZAMS) to cater for the humanitarian disaster in the state.

Marafa noted that the overwhelming support by his colleagues at both chambers showed that with unity of purpose and direction, the country can overcome its challenges.

He said the N10 billion will help in resettling the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and other persons affected by the activities of the armed banditry, to cater for their general well-being, provision of shelter, water, basic education, basic health care (especially for the wounded, children and rape victims) and others.
He called on the incoming National Assembly members from Zamfara State to ensure that PIZAMS gets a sizable allocation in the remaining nine years ahead.

He pleaded with President Muhammadu Buhari to set up PIZAMS (as soon as possible) as contained in the Senate resolution.

No Election Threat: Buratai orders crackdown on IPOB

image Creit: Vanguad Newspaper

Following the recent threat by the leadership of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) to boycott the coming general elections on 16th February 2019, the Chief of Army Staff(CAS) Gen. Tukur Buratai has ordered an immediate crackdown on the group.

As part of efforts to operationalize the order, a new military operation
named, Operation Safe Conduct is to ensure teh smooth execution of elections is to be purt in place in areas where such a threat is expected to affect. The Army, he adde will be working together with the Police to ensure the peaceful conduct of the elections.

He mad this statements at the Chief of Army Staff Operations Conference, in Abuja, The rest of the statement as captured by Vanguard Newspaper correspondence are as follows:

” In this regard, GOCs and field commanders at all levels are to deal decisively with any form of security breach,”he ordered.

Hear him:The activities of the outlawed Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) and their splinter groups in the South Eastern part of the country is gaining momentum as the group is threatening to disrupt the 2019 electoral process.

“Their excesses must therefore be clamped down immediately.”

He added:”Furthermore, the political clashes in Taraba State and a few other states, call for enhanced liaison between commanders, the Nigeria Police and other security agencies in order to de-escalate tension as quickly as possible.”

The Nigerien Republic Delegation was in Kano solely for the APC Campaign

Image Credit: Maiyegun’s Diary Politico

While the Kano State government and the All Progressive Congress (APC) refuted claims that the delegation from Nigeria had come purely on a political solidarity visit as part of the on going nation-wide campaign of the APC Presidential candidate, evidence have emerged indicating to the contrary.

An official letter originating from the Governor of Maradi Region of Niger, Gov. Sakari Oumarou, dated 29th January 2019, shows that the delegation were arriving Kano solely for the APC presidential campaign.

Suspension/Removal of CJN: Everywhere seem to have gone silent.

Everywhere seem to have gone silent. Nigeria has moved on, as usual.
But we’ll all ask what democracy has offered the average Nigerian in the past 20 years. It is not then hard to know why our leaders continue this culture of impunity. They already know that it will simply take a week or two of “noisemaking” and then the people will go mute. The hardship and the ever eventful political climate of Nigeria will in no time present them with new a drama to distract them.

The enthronement of civilian rule by itself doesn’t have the capacity to guarantee a democratic and prosperous society as we see in other societies that have had democratic governance for a much longer period. And yet, it is not simply a matter of time, it’s a matter of the quality of effort we put towards building the institutions that guarantee that democratic and prosperous society for which we admire any democracy.

Democratic and prosperous societies are not like computer software that is installed in a society, people, through their ideas, expectations, demands and actions, shape their societies to what they eventually become in the long run. This is what is missing in most democratic settings in Africa.

Rethinking education measurement in Nigeria

Image Credit: AriseNetworks

FROM time immemorial man has given himself to be shaped by his knowledge, experience and the bearing of his environment. At the initial stage, learning and the process of learning was, to a large extent, neither classified nor restricted by law or constrained by systems. People learnt within their families, among peers, in the course of events, occasions and activities e.t.c. However, in the course of time, man began to consider organising the very large body of knowledge generated by him into several fields of inquiry. Several disciplines began to emerge, mainly from the traditional philosophy. Disciplines like economics, political science and many others were all carved out. The more these bodies of knowledge were classified and organised the more the restriction in access and the more the traditional means of learning lost in significance in determining who learns and the quality of learning.

Furthermore, the process and quality of learning came to be determined by systems created by the dictates of the few privileged in the ruling class of the society. Apart from just organising knowledge, determining what will be thought, who will teach or learn, under what conditions this process will take place and many other components of an education or learning system; a very critical part of the learning system stands out – the measurement of the quality of learning. A key function of any system of educational measurement is to reflect the quality of learning and the efficiency of the process of learning.

The definition of the quality of learning is problematic and its measurement difficult. In the literatures two approaches have become common. The first is to use scores on standardised national or international tests or examinations when they are available as a measure of education quality. The second approach is to proxy schooling quality by the level of school resources especially in terms of teaching and learning facilities. Though the relationship between the second measure and the quality of learning is still seriously debated, other studies, however, found a strong relationship between school resources and the achievements of students in tests and examinations.

Nonetheless, quality essentially indicates or suggests conformity with expectations on a consistent basis. Therefore, learning succeeds when it meets expectations – when it is anti-traditional to the extent that it liberates, stimulates and informs the individual and teaches him how and why to make demands upon him or herself.   Additionally, learning succeeds when it is effectively able to create a stimulus for practical solutions. On the other hand, any mechanism for measuring learning is successful to the extent that it is able to effectively reflect the individual’s state at meeting these expectations of any learning process.

Nigeria has over the years relied enormously on the outputs of our mechanisms for education measurement despite the very visible failure of this mechanism in reflecting the value-added to the student or pupil who passes through the school system. A major pitfall of such mechanism is that students’ performance may simply reflect the student’s innate ability or prior preparation, rather than the students’ contribution or value-added.

Obviously, results from standardised tests and examinations over the years from many of our education institutions have failed to reflect the decay in our learning system. Universities have continued to produce 1st class, 2nd class Uppers and 2nd class Lowers every year without querying the quality of value added to the individual students’ knowledge base.

Government policy in education has always paid great attention to the expansion of access to education through increased classroom spaces, increased number of teachers and large enrollment among other strategies. Government’s attempts to respond to the declining quality of learning have always been based on the records of the systems of measurement of learning outcomes. Invariably, government is always bordered about instances of mass failures in standardised examinations rather than the relevance and quality of curriculum, teachers and value-added to students. Education policies over the decades have always sought ways of increasing the numerical output of students from schools rather than how effectively the products of the schooling system fit into the larger society. The huge emphasis on the “endorsement” by education measurement mechanisms has no doubt taken a heavy toll on the efficacy of the average “Nigerian Certificate”.

It is obvious that our traditional yardstick for measuring learning outcomes does not reflect the state of our education system. This is important considering the flaws inherent even in the most ideal measurement system, how much more that of our country that is flawed with severe imperfections and irregularities.

In conclusion, in rethinking learning in Nigeria we may not completely ignore education measurement. We must pay greater attention to the quality of learning outcomes by reconciling the quality of learning with expectations. In achieving this, the entire learning system from policy to the frontline service delivery facilities must be reformed. For instance, in the area of remuneration we must ask questions like “must every teacher with equal “paper qualification” be paid the same salary merely going by the face value of their certificate, rather than according to the quality of their services? Must students’ performance be measured wholly by their scores in standardised tests or examinations? Have we completely exhausted all available avenues for bridging the gap between classroom knowledge and technical possibilities in the real world?  Answering these questions and many more may lead us towards achieving learning success in Nigeria.

This article was first published By Ikechukwu Okoli on Rise Networks (risenetworks.org) on 2nd April 2013

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